Gum Disease Emerald Isle, NC

Gum disease is a bacterial infection that can cause complex oral health complications when left untreated. Affecting million of  Americans, it is important to understand the causes, effects, and treatment options for gum disease.

Regular dental check ups can help patients control the spread of gum disease. Dr. Aubrey Myers provides patients with a thorough periodontal screening at every oral health exam. If Dr. Myers finds evidence of periodontal disease, a treatment plan will be discussed to help prevent the spread and any further damage to the teeth and gums.

Emerald Isle Smiles Dental Studio provides comprehensive periodontal therapy for the management of gum disease.  When diagnosed early, treatment can be conservative and as simple a thorough dental cleaning of the teeth and gums. As the disease progresses, disease causing bacteria can spread the blood stream and has been linked to complex systemic health problems.

Click here to learn more about the oral-body connection.

  • Gingivitis- Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease. Disease-causing bacteria have started causing the gums to become inflamed. Gums may start to swell or bleed. Caught at this stage, gingivitis can be controlled and further damage can be prevented. Most patients require a thorough dental cleaning and improved at home oral hygiene. Dr. Myers can help patients improve their brushing and flossing techniques. An anti-bacterial mouth wash may also be recommended to control the spread of bacteria.
  • Gum Disease- As the disease progresses, bacteria begins to spread into the deep pockets of the gums. Gums may begin to pull away from the teeth, and the gum line may start to recede. The patient becomes susceptible to tooth loss, and bone recession. Scaling and root planning is a common treatment plan at this stage. Scaling and root planing cleans the gums of disease causing bacteria so the gums may begin to heal.
  • Periodontitis- Periodontist is when the bacterial infection has spread and caused damage to the gums and teeth. Patients may experience minor to substantial bone loss, and the jaw line may begin to recede. Tooth loss is also common. Patients with periodontitis may require gum surgery, bone grafting or dental implants to replace missing teeth.

For many patients, bleeding gums is the first noticeable indicator that gum disease is present. Unfortunately, by the time patients notice the signs and symptoms of gum disease, it has already begun to spread and cause damage to the gums.

Common Signs of Gum Disease

  • Bleeding gums
  • Swollen or tender gums
  • Sores or patches on gums
  • Receding gum line
  • Loose teeth
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Change in fit of oral appliance
  • Tooth loss

Gum disease has been linked to an increased risk of:

  • Gum recession
  • Tooth loss
  • Bone deterioration
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Inflammation

Regular dental health exams are necessary to prevent the spread of gum disease.  If you notice any changes in your oral health, contact Emerald Isle, NC dentist Dr. Myers as soon as possible.

Treatment for gum disease can vary depending on the progression of the disease. Dr. Myers will conduct a thorough analysis of the teeth, gums, and jaw to determine if any damage has been done to the structure or integrity of the patient’s oral health. Treatment plans will be tailored to treat any underlying oral health concerns to help restore the health and function of the smile.

Treatment may include an intensive dental cleaning called scaling & root planing. For some patients, a thorough dental cleaning, and improved at-home oral hygiene are enough to control harmful bacteria. Other patients may require gum surgery, or bone grafting to fully restore their smiles.

In advanced cases, Dr. Myers may coordinate with a local periodontist if gum or bone grafting is needed to best restore the patient’s oral health.